FACT SHEET: The Biden-Harris Administration’s National Security Strategy

Read the full strategy here

President Biden’s National Security Strategy outlines how the United States will advance our vital interests and pursue a free, open, prosperous, and secure world. We will leverage all elements of our national power to outperform our strategic competitors; addressing common challenges; and shape the rules of the road.

The strategy is rooted in our national interests: protecting the security of the American people, expanding economic opportunity, and realizing and defending the democratic values ​​at the heart of the American way of life. In pursuit of these goals, we will:

  • Invest in the underlying sources and tools of American power and influence;
  • To build the strongest possible coalition of nations to strengthen our collective influence to shape the global strategic environment and resolve common challenges; and
  • Modernize and strengthen our military so that it is equipped for the age of strategic competition.

In the early years of this decisive decade, the conditions of geopolitical competition will be set while the window of opportunity to deal with common challenges will shrink. We cannot compete successfully to shape the international order unless we have an affirmative plan to address common challenges, and we can only do so if we recognize how increased competition affects cooperation and act accordingly. .

Strategic competition. The most pressing strategic challenge we face as we seek a free, open, prosperous, and secure world comes from powers that layer authoritarian governance over revisionist foreign policy.

  • We will compete effectively with the People’s Republic of China, which is the only competitor with both the intention and, increasingly, the ability to reshape the international order, while constraining a dangerous Russia.
  • Strategic competition is global, but we will avoid the temptation to see the world solely through the lens of competition and engage countries on their own terms.

Shared Challenges. As this competition unfolds, people around the world are struggling to cope with the effects of common challenges that cross borders, whether it’s climate change, food insecurity, communicable diseases or the inflation. These shared issues are not marginal issues secondary to geopolitics. They are at the very heart of national and international security and must be treated as such.

  • We are building the strongest and broadest coalition of nations to strengthen our collective ability to solve these challenges and serve the American people and those around the world.
  • In order to preserve and increase international cooperation in the era of competition, we will pursue a two-track approach. On the one hand, we will work with any country, including our competitors, willing to constructively address common challenges within the framework of the rules-based international order and while working to strengthen international institutions. On the other track, we will deepen cooperation with the democracies at the heart of our coalition, creating a web of strong, resilient and mutually reinforcing relationships that prove that democracies can serve their people and the world.

The Biden-Harris administration has broken the line between domestic and foreign policy because our domestic and foreign strength are inextricably linked. The challenges of our time, from strategic competition to climate change, require us to make investments that strengthen our competitive advantage and build our resilience.

  • Our democracy is at the core of who we are and is a continuous work in progress. Our system of government enshrines the rule of law and strives to protect the equality and dignity of all individuals. As we strive to live up to our ideals, acknowledge and address our shortcomings, we will inspire others around the world to do the same.
  • We complement the innovative power of the private sector with a modern industrial strategy that makes strategic public investments in our workforce, strategic sectors and supply chains, especially in critical and emerging technologies.
  • A powerful United States military helps advance and protect vital United States national interests by supporting diplomacy, confronting aggression, deterring conflict, projecting force, and protecting the American people and their economic interests. We are modernizing our military, researching advanced technologies, and investing in our defense workforce to best position America to defend our homeland, our allies, our partners and interests abroad, and our values ​​across the world. world.

The United States will continue to lead with strength and determination, leveraging our national advantages and the power of our alliances and partnerships. We have a tradition of turning challenges at home and abroad into opportunities to drive reform and rejuvenation at home. The idea that we should compete with major autocratic powers to shape the international order enjoys broad support that is bipartisan at home and deepening abroad.

  • Our alliances and partnerships around the world are our most important strategic asset, which we will deepen and modernize for the benefit of our national security.
  • We place great importance on growing the connective tissue in technology, trade and security between our allies and democratic partners in the Indo-Pacific and Europe, as we recognize that they are mutually reinforcing and that the destinies of the two regions are linked.
  • We are crafting new economic arrangements to deepen economic engagements with our partners and shape the rules of the road to level the playing field and enable American workers and businesses – and those of partners and allies around the world – to thrive.
  • As we deepen our partnerships around the world, we will seek more democracy, not less, to shape the future. We recognize that while autocracy is inherently fragile, democracy’s inherent ability to transparently course-correct enables resilience and progress.

The United States is a global power with global interests; we are stronger in each region thanks to our commitment to the others. We pursue an affirmative agenda to advance peace and security and promote prosperity in every region.

  • As an Indo-Pacific power, the United States has a vital interest in creating an open, interconnected, prosperous, secure, and resilient region. We are ambitious because we know that we and our allies and partners share a common vision for the future of the region.
  • With a relationship rooted in shared democratic values, common interests and historical ties, the transatlantic relationship is a vital platform on which many other elements of our foreign policy are built. To effectively pursue a common global agenda, we are broadening and deepening the transatlantic bond.
  • The Western Hemisphere directly impacts the United States more than any other region, so we will continue to rekindle and deepen these partnerships to advance economic resilience, democratic stability, and citizen security.
  • A more integrated Middle East that empowers our allies and partners will advance regional peace and prosperity, while reducing the resource demands the region places on the United States over the long term.
  • In Africa, the region’s dynamism, innovation and population growth put it at the heart of solving complex global problems.


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